There are two subspecies of Burmese mountain tortoise; Burmese brown mountain tortoise (Manouria emys emys) and Burmese black mountain tortoise (Manouria emys phayrei). The differences between them can be very misleading, it’s not the color that distinguished them apart. According to “World Chelonian Trust” there is a failsafe method of differentiating the two via their pectoral scutes (circles in green), which are found just behind the front legs on the plastron (bottom shell). In the brown mountain tortoise these scutes do not meet in the middle, instead they stop before the midline of the tortoise. Black mountain tortoise’s pectoral scutes do meet at the midline.
These subspecies are the fourth largest tortoises in the world. Hatchlings are no larger than a baseball in diameter and are much less dome-shaped than typical hatchling tortoises. Adults in wild populations average about 70 pounds, but captive tortoises can reach 100 pounds in total mass with a total straight-line carapace length of up to 2 feet.
Hatchlings should be raised in a closed chamber with 80% humidity.
Burmese mountain tortoises are generalist scavengers and browsers, so a fresh meal should be provided daily. The primary diet should consist of leafy greens, some fruit, but avoid citrus.